Ever wondered just who invented the World Wide Web? Read on to find out here…
The Invention of the World Wide Web
The World Wide Web, common terminologies and abbreviations; the Web, WWW, and W3.
The World Wide Web is a vast collection and system of interlinked documents written in the hypertext language, and carried and accessed upon the Internet. Most commonly, users access and interact with the Web using a web Browser. Common web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Microsoft Internet Explorer, and Apple Safari.
Using a web browser, a user can view all kinds of web pages, each of which might contain a mix of text, images, video etc. Navigating across the Web and between different web pages is enabled through hyperlinks.
Common consensus agrees that ‘The Web’ was developed by Computer Scientist Tim Berners-Lee during 1989 and 1990. Berners-Lee is a British born engineer and computer scientist. At the time, he worked at the European Centre for Nuclear Research (CERN), located at Geneva on the borders of France and Switzerland.
Building on previous successes
Building on the back of previous hypertext systems he had produced; Berners-Lee worked towards the creation of a system that would marry the existing technologies of the Internet and the hypertext language.
With the help of Belgian computer scientist Robert Cailliau, Berners-Lee published his first proposals for a system to enable even non-technical computer experts to access and use the Internet in a quick and simple way to navigate, locate and access information of various kinds. He named his “hypertext project” the “WorldWideWeb” and also took it upon himself to set up the world’s first web server and write the first web browser, which he also named “WorldWideWeb”.
URLs, HTML and HTTP
In the process of his pioneering work establishing the Web, Berners-Lee also established three key technologies:
- The uniform resource locator (URL) and uniform resource identifier (URI),
- The HyperText Markup Language (HTML), and
- The HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP).